Nicaragua’s criticises climate deal as too weak
News from Nicaragua | Thursday, 7 January 2016 |
Throughout the Paris climate change talks, Paul Oquist, head of the Nicaraguan delegation, argued that rich nations should do far more to reduce emissions to help defend "Mother Earth." Failure to do so will result in ‘governments sending their grandchildren to a hotter world.’
After the announcement of a new global deal to curb climate change, Paul Oquist explained Nicaragua’s position.
- The procedures for reaching the final agreement were ‘antidemocratic’ and worked to the ‘detriment of multilateralism, especially with regards to small countries.’
- It was never Nicaragua’s intention to obstruct the agreement, ‘but rather to work to improve it and to make some suggestions on topics of great importance which need to resolved so that which can ensure the wellbeing of Mother Earth and Humanity.’
- Nicaragua could not be part of the so called Paris “consensus”, given that although the stated intention is to limit the rise in global warming to 1.5 degrees centigrade by the end of the century, the mechanisms established for achieving this level of reduction of greenhouse gases will, in fact, lead to an increase in of 3 degrees by 2030. “The only thing we can do is to halt the rise in temperature. Once the genie of temperature rise has escaped from the bottle and reached 3 or 3.5 degrees we cannot turn back the clock.”
- In 2015 the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) requested all countries to submit their ‘intended nationally determined contributions’ (INDCs) to international efforts to limit warming to 2 degrees. ‘The results of this exercise for 2015 show that emissions will reach 55 gigatonnes of emissions by 2030 instead of the target of 40 gigatonnes which is necessary if global warming is to be kept to 2 degrees.’
- Nicaragua will not submit an INDC because ‘it would kill the concept of historic responsibility" of large polluters.’
- Twenty-five per cent of the commitments made by developing countries are dependent on external financing but 50% of the commitments regarding agriculture are conditional on external funding and there is no mention of this finance in the document.
- When the estimates for global carbon emissions are calculated ‘the historic responsibilities of those who produced large CO2 emissions should be taken into account.’ An international fund should be created based on these historic responsibilities to compensate developing countries for damage and annual losses.
For an interview with Paul Oquist