Nicaragua leads Latin America in gender equality
News from Nicaragua | Thursday, 3 December 2015 |
Nicaragua, ranked *12th out of 145 countries, remains the ‘best performer of the region for the fourth year in a row’ according to the World Economic Forum’s (WEF) 2015 Global Gender Gap Report.
Published annually since 2006, the WEF report provides a framework for measuring gender based disparities and tracing progress between countries. Since 2006 Nicaragua has risen on the index from 62nd to 12th place, the world’s most improved country.
The WEF methodology measures gender based gaps in access to resources rather than levels of available resources. This makes it independent of a country’s level of development. The key indicators used are educational attainment, health and survival, political empowerment and economic participation and opportunity.
Since returning to power in 2007, the Sandinista government has re-introduced free education and basic health care, and implemented gender based production programmes that have significantly improved the lives of women.
Amendments to the Nicaraguan constitution approved by the National Assembly in January 2014 state that women candidates must make up half of each party’s slate for all elected posts at national and local level.
*UK’s ranking is 18