NSC on facebookNSC on twitterNSC RSS news feed

About Nicaragua: History up to 1979

2000 BC
Earliest known indigenous settlements.

Diriangen was the legendary tribal leader of the Chorotegas, the first resistance fighter of Nicaragua.

Diriangen was the legendary tribal leader of the Chorotegas, the first resistance fighter of Nicaragua.

1502
Christopher Columbus (Cristóbal Colón) skirts Nicaragua's Mosquito Coast but fails to find a navigable passage.
1517
Spanish make first landing and engage the caciques (tribal leaders), Nicarao and Diriangén in battle.
1522
Spanish invade and colonisation of the region begins.
1589
English and Dutch pirates set up bases on Mosquito Coast.
1638
Kingdom of Mosquitia officially recognised by English Crown.
1783
Britain forced to withdraw from Atlantic Coast.
1821
Spain withdraws from Central America.
1823
Nicaragua, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Costa Rica form a federal state.
1838
Nicaragua declares itself an independent republic.

1855 William Walker invades Nicaragua and declares himself President.

1855 William Walker invades Nicaragua and declares himself President July 1856 to May 1857.

1840s
Britain returns to Atlantic Coast and makes Miskito Kingdom a British Protectorate.
1855
US citizen William Walker invades Nicaragua and declares himself President.
1860
Britain withdraws from Atlantic Coast under pressure from US.
1894
Atlantic Coast incorporated into Nicaragua by President José Santos Zelaya.
1911
US asserts control over Nicaraguan economy through the Dawson Accords.
1912
US marines invade Nicaragua to crush a peasant uprising and remain until 1933.
1927 – 1932
Augusto Sandino leads successful military campaign against US interests.

Go to Augusto Cesar Sandino to find out more

Augusto Sandino leads successful military campaign against US interests.

Augusto Sandino leads successful military campaign against US interests.

1934
Sandino assassinated on the orders of Anastasio Somoza, chief of National Guard.
1937
Somoza installs himself as President.
1956
Somoza assassinated by Rigoberto Lopez Perez; his eldest son Luis Somoza, takes over as President.
1968
FSLN publishes its framework for a future revolutionary government.
1972
Earthquake destroys Managua and kills an estimated 10,000 people. Somoza diverts much of international aid to his own coffers.
1978
Pedro Joaquin Chamorro, editor of La Prensa, assassinated by National Guard.
1979
The Revolution: FSLN take control of the country’s largest towns and march into Managua on 19th July.
 

Nicaragua a decade of revolutionFront cover of this highly recommended book shows the FSLN leaders arriving to the jubilation of the crowds on 19th July 1979.