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About Nicaragua: Facts and Figures

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Full name Republic of Nicaragua
Population 5.8 million [UN, 2011]
Capital Managua
Area 120,254 sq km [46,430 sq miles]
Major languages Spanish (official language), English, Creole, Garifuna, Miskitu, Rama and Sumu/Mayangna in Atlantic/Caribbean Coast Autonomous Regions
Major religion Catholicism
Life expectancy 71 years (men), 77 years (women) [UN]
Monetary unit 1 gold cordoba = 100 centavos
Main exports Coffee, meat, shellfish, sugar, tobacco, cattle, gold
GNI per capita US $1,170 [World Bank, 2011]
Head of government Daniel Ortega Savedra, elected for a second five-year term in November 2011

Momotombo volcano near Leon

One of Nicaragua's most memorable vistas: the Momotombo volcano near Leòn (1300m). The ruins of Spain's first settlement in Nicaragua lie in Puerto Momotombo, on Lake Managua (Xolotlàn).

Photo: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Momotombo.jpg